did not make changes to their lectures or syllabus during the Nazi period. Speer: The Final Verdict. The previous day, the cabinet had enacted the "Law Concerning the Highest State Office of the Reich which stated that upon Hindenburg's death the office of president would be abolished and its powers merged with those of the chancellor. When the stock market in the United States crashed on, the effect in Germany was dire. Invasion of the Soviet Union On, contravening the MolotovRibbentrop Pact,.5 million Axis troops attacked the Soviet Union. ; Heschel, Susannah (1999).